黑巧克力或许能降低患抑郁症的风险
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2019-08-20 09:22 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Scientists have found that eating dark chocolate appears to lower the risk of depression by four fold.
 
科学家发现,吃黑巧克力或能将患抑郁症的风险降低四分之三。
 
While 7.6 percent of the 13,000 people surveyed reported depressive symptoms, just 1.5 percent of the chocolate eaters did.
 
The study by University College London (UCL), the University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services Canada, also found that the people who consumed the most of any chocolate were also 57 percent less likely to report depressive symptoms.
 
Lead author Dr Sarah Jackson, of UCL's Institute of Epidemiology & Health Care, said: "This study provides some evidence that consumption of chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, may be associated with reduced odds1 of clinically relevant depressive symptoms.
 
"Should a causal relationship demonstrating a protective effect of chocolate consumption on depressive symptoms be established, the biological mechanism2 needs to be understood to determine the type and amount of chocolate consumption for optimal3 depression prevention and management."
 
The study is the first to examine the association with depression according to the type of chocolate consumed.
 
Chocolate contains a number of psychoactive ingredients which produce a feeling of euphoria similar to that of cannabinoid, found in cannabis.
 
It also contains phenylethylamine, a neuromodulator which is believed to be important for regulating people's moods.
 
Dark chocolate also has a higher concentration of flavonoids, antioxidant chemicals which lower inflammation and can prevent the onset4 of depression.
 
However British scientists urged caution about the findings, suggesting that the decision to eat dark chocolate could be linked to other health factors. For example people who choose dark chocolate may be more health conscious in general, which is known to protect against depression.
 
Depressed5 people are also more likely to crave6 more sugary fatty foods and so could be less likely to pick a dark alternative when choosing chocolate.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 odds n5czT     
n.让步,机率,可能性,比率;胜败优劣之别
参考例句:
  • The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她获胜的机会是五比一。
  • Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道赢得一次彩票的几率多大吗?
2 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼?#22270;?#32905;是人体的组成?#32771;?/li>
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结?#25925;?#38750;常复杂的。
3 optimal zmDzhM     
adj.最适宜的;最理想的;最令人满意的
参考例句:
  • What is the optimal mix of private and public property rights in natural resources?私人和国家的自然?#35797;?#20135;权的最适宜的组合是什么?
  • Optimal path planning is a key link for the sailing contest.帆船最优行驶路径规划是帆船?#28909;?#21462;胜的关键环节。
4 onset bICxF     
n.进攻,袭击,开始,突然开始
参考例句:
  • The drug must be taken from the onset of the infection.这种药必须在感染的最初期就开始服用。
  • Our troops withstood the onset of the enemy.我们的部队抵挡住了敌人的进攻。
5 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧?#26412;透械?#23436;全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
6 crave fowzI     
vt.渴望得到,迫?#34892;?#35201;,恳求,请求
参考例句:
  • Many young children crave attention.许多小孩子渴望得到关心。
  • You may be craving for some fresh air.你可能很想呼吸呼吸新鲜空气。
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